What causes a Cataract?
Cataracts are a normal part of the ageing process and are one of the most common eye conditions.
Generally appearing in people who are over the age of 60, other factors that can cause a cataract or accelerate its growth include:
- Excessive exposure to UV and other types of radiation
- Use of certain medications (e.g., Corticosteroids)
- Previous blunt/penetrating ocular trauma, surgery or disease
- Systemic disease (e.g., Diabetes and other metabolic disorders)
- Genetics and congenital disorders
Cataract surgery is the only effective treatment available and the most common surgery is microincision phacoemulsification cataract extraction, which involves removing the cloudy crystalline lens and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL).
At your consultation, your surgeon will discuss the different lens designs available, and, considering your lifestyle, the unique features of your eyes and your visual requirements, which IOL is recommended for you.