What can cause Macular Degeneration?
While anyone can develop age-related macular degeneration, several factors can place you at greater risk.
Uncontrollable risk factors
- Over 40
- Genetics / Family history of ARMD
- Gender – ARMD is more common in females
- Fair complexion and/or light eye colour
- High long-sightedness
Controllable risk factors
- Smoking – 6x greater risk
- Poor Nutrition – a diet high in lutein and omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the risk of ARMD
- Excessive UV Exposure
Treatment of Macular Degeneration
Unfortunately there is no cure for age-related macular degeneration, however, there is effective treatment for the most aggressive form, wet (neovascular) age-related macular degeneration, which can save your eyesight.
In the case of wet age-related macular degeneration, the protein vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is predominantly responsible for the abnormal growth of blood vessels and fluid leakage under the retina.
Intravitreal injections of Anti-VEGF (Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) is the most common treatment to target and shrink the abnormal blood vessels and dry up the excess fluid.
Intravitreal injections work to stabilise and prevent vision decline however early detection and intervention are crucial.